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NOW WE CAN DO, BECAUSE WE ARE HERE: An interview with Rayy Graham ‘23

Rayy Graham Class of 2023

Rayy Graham ’23

Interview by Matt Walker ‘04

MW: “So anyway, why don’t you tell me about yourself? Tell me what your name is, where you’re from…”


RG: “I’m Rayy. Rayy Graham. I’m a Third Year, Class of 23. I’m from Brooklyn, New York. I came here initially because it’s college. Where I’m from college isn’t the main goal. It’s a goal but it isn’t the main goal. The main goal is to make a bunch of money, get out of whatever situation you’re in, and feed your family. But that became more and more difficult to do in the environment that I was in.” 


“So okay, let’s see, what college is like? I came out here and I learned to mow a lawn, let’s say that. I’m from New York where we have concrete. They’re a little bit of trees. But it’s a lot of bricks and not a lot of nature. And out here it’s so much nature and greenery. So I had my first job, I think I was working in the dish-pits, and then facilities because I just had to get a lay of the land. I just wanted to see. I just wanted to work. It comes with the territory with me. I’m from New York. So working just comes naturally. When I got out here, finding jobs was more accessible than I thought it was. It was more well, how can I say it? It was more social. It didn’t feel like work. I just felt I can work this day or that day. It felt like a conversation. And it made that vibe much easier. If there was no pressure, and sending the email or sending a text like “Hey, I can’t make it today” or “Hey, can I come early this day or that day?” I felt that I was more and more comfortable working in that space. I don’t even know how else to say this…” 


“There’s a small, small group of Black folks on campus. So naturally we found each other and find each other and that’s where we can start making stuff happen. Whether it be hosting a whole bunch of cooking events, or just straight up having conversations, painting together, making art together, a whole bunch of different stuff. It’s not just one or two people’s voices. It’s the majority. It’s like “Hey, this is us right now. What do we want to do?” 


“There’s so little of us. So it feels kind of like a family because we all grew up with similar values. And, I don’t know how else to explain it, but we grew up under a familiar light, under a specific light, and we all, it may not be the exact same light, but we all have a similar understanding of that light shining on us. And we come out here, it’s almost the same for us, because we’re in the same environment. So it’s like “Oh, this… Remember what we’re used to? Is it going on here?” And we all go “Yeah, yeah, yeah, I know what you’re talking about.” There’s like a sense of camaraderie without having to establish anything like “Hey, are we friends?” There’s no fluff amongst us. I don’t know how else to explain that.”


MW: “It seems very clear. It’s beautiful. Absolutely. I love that idea of the light and finding people by going out on a limb and coming to a strange place like this or that’s what I’m sort of hearing in some of the parts. Thanks for sharing that. It’s very beautiful. You know, I just have some basic questions. But please speak on whatever you like. Fill in the blanks that I post, whatever. I’m curious what you were interested in when you were in high school and middle school and how that brought you here, and how that’s been fortified or changed, and things of that nature?”


RG: “In my early years… I’ve always been obsessed with ripping stuff apart and seeing what I can make out of the parts. Art, expression, whatever it may be, making stuff. Coming together and making stuff. I read a book cover to cover, and I read this entire book. I know what it is. I wouldn’t think to give this book to someone else. I’d think “Let me rip out every single page and build something out of the pages” because I know I read page 87. So I know what’s on page 87. So I would know what it represents. Not fold up something, make some origami craziness out of it, but I fully ripped open a book. You’re not supposed to do that or stuff like that.” 


“But that type of behavior followed me throughout high school. I was doodling in the margins of my notebook. It was always like “Art”. I’m still on the side of the highschool I graduated from. I’m on the front-side and the corner. So it’s on both sides of my school because I befriended all my art teachers and I’m like “I need to do bigger things! I need to put up my unique brushstroke onto the world or onto this and onto that.” And New York is just too much competition. Everyone wants to do the same thing. Everyone wants to be the best at it. So if you are in the graffiti field, the underground, whatever it may be, there were big names, big artists. Stepping into this new lane and there are already the people that you feel like “Oh my God, these people around me inspire me.” They’re inspired by tiers and tiers of other people. But this guy’s art is in Manhattan and up in museums. The main goal is get shifted because you do want your art to go up in museums and stuff. But at the same time you just want it to be recognized by people or a specific type of people. So it gets real, real tricky. I’m pretty okay at art, but what do I do with it for now? I joined a bunch of other programs. I learned how to sew. I learned how to make things, not just like popsicle sticks and this and that. But how to take it into machinery and plumbing and weird stuff like that. So it went from being an art expression kind of thing to “Okay, let me see how many art related skills and art related trades and techniques I can pick up.” I picked up as many as I could before I graduated high school. Then I came here.”


“But the space between graduating and here I created a video game, because there was a specific perspective that where I’m from had. And we have a perspective of how we are. And we understand that this is how we are. But the media and the outside forces would feed other perspectives, into our little environment. And it slowly changed what we thought of ourselves and what people thought of us. So there’s a problem there. We know how to fix this problem. Only we can fix this problem.” 


“So I decided to make a video game. I got a bunch of people from different environments, taught them the skills that I learned so that even if they didn’t care about it, or they didn’t know what it was to have a new skill and you can use it however you see fit. But you do have that new skill and you’re a productive member of society because you’re fighting against like… we fighting the big fight, you know, and that is what made me want to do it bigger and bigger and bigger. Because if I know I I can walk into this school, nervous and scared, and by the time I walk out I end up on it, on top of it. Why not replicate that? You know? In college if I walk into this school, nervous and scared but I do have some accomplishments and accolades under my belt, how can I show the people that they can do this too. Or, you have the talent inside of you and you can put it on top of the school or you can put it anywhere you want. And that’s what gave me that passion behind creating stuff and making stuff and that’s what really made me leave New York: to go find stuff.” 


“Take for instance a flower pot. If you have a plant in a tiny, little flower pot, it could only grow but so big. You have to take it out and stick it in either a bigger pot or into the earth. And I was just ready for a bigger pot. I came down here and there are other pots out here. It’s really cool. It’s really intriguing.”


MW: “That’s awesome. Thank you for speaking on that. It’s just amazing! I’m really curious about this video game. I’m also curious, of course, what’s your Major and what Co-Ops you’ve done?”


RG: “The Video Game is “Fireflies of Brownsville.”


MW: “What’s that?”


RG: “Fireflies because…” 


MW: “..of Brownsville?”


RG: “Browns-ville. Brownsville, Brooklyn.”


MW: “Okay. Right on.”


RG: “So, again with the perspectives, you are put in the shoes of a journalist, a young photojournalist and you have to take pictures of all the different parts of your environment. It seems like an easy task, but when you start getting into the nitty gritty of it, you know that “Oh, I can’t walk over there because there are issues between my building and this building so I can’t go up that street. So I have to find a new way to do that. And I can go over here but the people over there just don’t like me because whatever may be.” And this introduces people to new issues that seem real cut and dry. Like “Oh, let’s just go over there and take a bunch of pictures.” But those obstacles and those lines kind of get blurred because you can’t. You know you can and you have the ability to do it. But there are things stopping you from accomplishing a very simple task. And you can explain that to people 77 different ways but until you put them in those shoes they can’t understand. That’s what the game is about – being aware of what’s actually going on where I’m from. Because I can show you what’s going on over there and over there, but I wouldn’t really know because I’m not from over there. I can only show you from my perspective or from our perspective. Like that.”


MW: “Nice.”


RG: “You said Co-Ops?”


MW: “Yeah, what’s your Major and what Co-Ops have you done?”


RG: “My major is Psychology with New Media. And with the game, that’s a part of New Media because it’s a VR based game and it’s a documentary, so there are elements to it. It’s not just any old video game or any old documentary. It’s like they met in the middle and had a little child and this is like my baby. Psychology with New Media is the same thing with perspective – showing people that specific perspective that you won’t be able to understand through conversation or videos or this or that. You have to walk in those shoes and you’ll have your own understanding of what just went down. But once you walk in those shoes, you have something to talk about to somebody. The next player or previous player will have something to speak on. And that’s teaching us psychology with the new media. The new media being VR.” 


“I’m creating a humongous sculpture that three people have to touch in order for anything to even work. If I’m showing you something with the new media, not just like a movie or a film or a painting or art installation pieces, it’s just new media. There are new technologies coming out every day so that’s why I chose to jump on that.” 


“And for the Co-Ops I’ve already done, I think I went back to New York to work, I worked out here, and I worked on our virtual Black History Museum. I liked that. It was fun because Dr. Kevin McGruder started slowly feeding me information like “Hey, do you know about this and this? There was Gegner Barbershop. There were riots and protests, and a whole bunch of history in the place that we are in. And I’m like, “Wow, this is the same exact thing I did at home.” Back home I learned the history and had to show people and teach the history. And then it’s the same thing but except there is a smaller number and more space. I don’t know how to… It’s the same but different.” 


“But I wanted to work on that, because there was something there. Working with people who look like me in a place that I’m unfamiliar with. Like that. That was with Dr. Kevin McGruder. And my next upcoming Co Op I’m going to go to Hawaii. I’m going to go work at a farm and get a newer perspective on life because I’ve never been to Hawaii. I’ve never worked on a farm. I’ve never pet a cow. There are a lot of things that I didn’t do. I could never say I would never touch a cow. I can’t say that if I’ve never been there. So now if I’m putting myself out there and saying “oh wow! cows are about this big, they stink…” or I’ll have an opinion because I’ve been there. Like that.”


”That’s why I take my Psychology with New Media. I have to walk in that light. I can’t just say I’m doing these things and not actually be behind it. Because I’ve never mowed the lawn. I’ve never had an opinion about mowing the law. And to have actually done that and I got out here and had to learn how to even use the machine… Meanwhile, there are people who already know about that and already know what’s going on but they have never seen an actual drug deal go down. You know? So they’re two completely different perspectives on life and I would never know. I can’t know all the perspectives based on what people tell me. I’d have to walk that line.” 

“Some things you see by accident, and that becomes who you are, but some things you wish to see. I’ve seen the stars out here. In New York it’s difficult to see the sky and the stars and stuff like that. But out here, I’m amazed. I am not amazed but I’m blown away every time I can pull out constellations because that’s not something I’m used to. It’s not a perspective that I’m used to seeing. I just like it. I like the feeling of it and like showing people that, if that makes sense?”


MW: “Absolutely. I can’t help but wonder what you were talking about in terms of the work you were doing with Dr. McGruder, and how it was the same but different. I’m wondering in what ways it was similar or what ways it was different?”


RG: “It was similar to the work I did before because I got to chip away at a problem that’s bigger than myself but also that affects me, because I am a black person in Yellow Springs the same way I’m a black person from Brownsville, New York. If you Google Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York, that’ll come with a whole bunch of articles, people died, and a whole bunch of stuff. But if you’re from there, then you know that’s not even how it is. That’s just a small portion of it that people get to see. It’s the same way with Yellow Springs. We are already a small portion of Yellow Springs that people barely get to see but there’s a rich history there. And it’s the same way, how I had to showcase those things and the powerful, positive aspects of it. I get to do the same thing over here and say “Hey, we had this go down, this go down, this go down in the past, and these are the things that we’ve done, and are doing.” Stuff like that.”


“I’ve also worked with the 365 project, which is hard to explain, but they are a group of people who are trying to educate Yellow Springs about Black people, 365 days a year. It’s really similar. They have really similar values, but it’s in a completely different area. There’s nothing to fight out here. Out there, we had to fight against the media, and fight against the people in our own community, and keep fighting, fighting, fighting. But out here, it’s just more of an educational endeavor. We’re letting you know what went down. It doesn’t feel like a fight. It feels like a conversation. We can have conversations on it. That’s why, again, I chose to not be in that space. Because it’ll always put you in a fighting kind of mood. It’s similar because I get to fight for something bigger than myself. And it’s different because one is an actual fight, and one is just like “Hey, did y’all know that this went down and this one down? One is: we aren’t villains and we have to defend ourselves. I feel like there’s no need to defend here. I can just say, “Hey, here’s the things that are going on.” This is more of a conversation.”


MW: “Yeah. Yeah. I’ve totally gotcha. Thanks for clearing that up. I’m really happy to hear about that. Is there anything that you want to talk about? Is there anything that you want to speak on or that you thought about or even right now that just came up for you?”


RG: “I worked a bunch of different jobs here: facilities, now I’m the Event Coordinator on campus, with Coco, making sure any event that wants or needs to, gets down. I mean, I send them a form or I’ll throw the event or I’ll oversee it. What else? We did a bunch of work work. For example, making sure everybody has what they need. They aren’t “jobs”, but there is a duty, if that makes sense? It isn’t on any paperwork. You don’t get paid for it. But there is kind of a duty there. I don’t know how to really explain it. Being on this campus you have to, in order to protect your sanity, some things do have to be said. You say “Hey, this is the treatment of the past. This is the current treatment. This is how we can start having those conversations about specific topics on campus. Because there are Black people here. I don’t know how to explain it.

It’s the same way with perspective. People can have theories and thoughts on how to coexist with people who don’t look like you. But when those people are in front of you, then you can’t keep theorizing the same. Now we can do, because we are here. We’re having these conversations versus just having a theoretical conversation about something blah, blah, blah. That’s nice and all. But we physically are here. Treat us the same way how you theorize on how we should be treated, how we shouldn’t, we’re here. So please act on your words versus just continuing to say words. So now we can pull those cards and pull those bluffs. We’re here, we’re Black, and we’re here to stay. And in the work I’ve done, it’s only further pushing that. For example, the Blacks in Yellow Springs, The Herndon Gallery hosting events and asking Black students for their voices and saying “Hey, what do you need? How can we help you?” and having stuff like that around, further pushes what I’m doing and what other people are doing like, “Hey, We are. We exist over here.” You know?”


MW: “Yes! I definitely feel what you’re saying here, Rayy. Thank you. Are you gonna participate in the exhibition that Casselli is putting up this weekend – The Black History Museum?”


RG: “I want to but we don’t have a VR set. If there was a VR set, I could showcase a small demo, show what I’ve worked on…” 


MW: “What a shame.” 


RG: “Yeah, but I mean, all good things come to those who wait. So, hopefully, later on down the line, someone else picks up where I left off with the Black History Museum and adds on to it, builds it up, and changes the way it looks. But, the fact that I started it and it does exist. I did it. It’s not a complete victory. But there’s something started in that way that someone can pick it up and keep it going. I’m picking up where Kevin left off and I can keep it going. Like that.”


MW: “Awesome. That’s amazing. I mean, I just hope that you, you know, remeber the College when you’re super successful. I could talk with you for hours, it’s so hard not to, but can we wrap this up? Is there anything that you would like to add?”


RG: “It’s Black History month. So if you see a Black person, smile at them. Say something nice. And hopefully that energy will not be just one month. It’ll be real. It’ll be an actual thing. When you see Black people, don’t freeze up or be like “Oh, I have so many things running through my mind.” You just treat them like a person. Say, “Hey, it’s Black History month. I see you.” Any type of gesture will count. But if you’re still thinking about it and thinking about it, you aren’t moving forward. You’re thinking about it. Stuff like that. That’s what I’d like people to know or people to hear. Smile at a Black person today.”

Rayy Graham class of 2023

Rayy Graham ’23


The Return of Steve McQueen

Interviewed conducted Dec 13, 2021 by Matt Walker ’04


MW: “I have some basic, background questions to get started. Where were you born? Where did you grow up? How did you hear about Antioch? And if there’s anything you want to share about that?”


SM: “I’m Steve McQueen, or Stephen Joseph McQueen the second. I was born in Marlton, New Jersey to Steven and Ramona McQueen. And they’re from Philly. Most of the rest of my family’s from Philly. I’m the only one from Jersey. Also, I was born and raised in Marlton, New Jersey. After high school, I got accepted into what then was Rowan College and that became Rowan University. Then it was Glassboro State College and then Rowan College. All that happened when I was there. I went there for three years but ended up dropping out.” 


“I wanted an education but I didn’t like how I was getting it and where. And so I met someone online who was going to Antioch. And she told me about some college in Ohio. And Ohio, at that time, was just something I heard about in movies. She told me about how Antioch was about their education. She told me you had to travel and be proficient in a language. She told me about Corretta Scott King and Rod Serling.” 


“So I was like alright, I have to see this place for myself. I did a little research but was still unsure if it would live up to my expectations. So I came out to visit and it was all that and more. I was blown away by the school, the community, and the town. And so that’s what I decided to do. I wanted to come to Antioch and I did everything I could to go there. I had to go back and take some community college courses. Grades were difficult for me, but I was able to get in and it was the best decision of my life, to be honest.”


MW: “When did you originally enter Antioch?”


SM: “So, officially, I became a student in the summer of 2003. I was a prospective student, living on campus all summer in 2002. The first time I ever got here was 2002, but I officially started in 2003.”


MW: “When you first got here what was your general impression? What do you remember from when you first arrived?”


SM: “That it was nothing like the East Coast. There was a lot of culture shock. People are generally nice here. You know, their first question is “what do you do?” In Jersey, that might be the fifth or sixth question, maybe. To me that was surprising. Hanging out with students I was like, wow! These kids, compared to where I was going, had way more experience with the world. I grew up in a very Christian scenario.” 


“So Antioch was explosive for me. I felt like I was growing up. I was getting a huge rush of information from the students as much as I was from the classroom. I was learning a lot about the Midwest and a lot about the campus as well. I was able to visit classes and other different scenarios. The whole thing was pretty phenomenal.”


MW: “And now you are back at Antioch! What is the program that you are involved with? I know you are coming back to finish your degree but what can you tell me about all of this?”


SM: “Well the University had offered that people who didn’t finish at the College before it closed, if they wanted to, could complete their degree. It was definitely an adult program but for people changing careers. I didn’t have anything I needed to really complete it. But the program that I’m in isn’t for not completing here, it’s for not completing with the University because they closed down. And so now I’m technically finishing that program. But because I have credits here, I’ll be able to do a self-designed major. That would be much more what I’m looking for versus finishing out the humanities program out there. That was a nightmare. People did it, good on them, but it was not for me whatsoever.”


MW: “Okay, so you’ve got all these credits and you’ve transferred back into the College. You’ve mentioned to me before about studying with Dr. McGruder. I’m curious what you are planning on studying and what’s your background with him?”


SM: “I was here when Antioch closed and so I remember them doing the Nonstop Institute, which is really interesting. But then all of a sudden they announced that the alumni bought it back and it’s going to begin again. And so they were looking for professors and, you know, here comes Dr. McGruder. I had met him before at Central Chapel. I grew up in the church environment but I didn’t take to it. So I was trying to embrace the Black Church from a perspective of its centrality to how the Black Community operates. It’s not as influential as it once was. But I’ve found that it’s really helpful if you want to know what’s going on.”


“And so I did that and he was in the choir. They knew I sang. I got invited to sing something with the choir. And so they knew that I grew up in the church. Then they asked me to be the church drummer. And so then I started attending choir rehearsals and I would drum too. But they knew I could sing so I went back and forth. They utilize me a lot so that’s how I came to know Kevin.” 


“But he’s always busy with all these Antioch things and writing books. We would talk and then The 365 Project decided that we wanted to do these tours, the Black Tours. And so Dr. McGruder offered to do the history aspect of it. I had told him about my experience working at the African American Museum in Philadelphia and giving tours to families and school groups there. I’ve always had a knack for it. And so we started working on that together. But I had to be like, well, if we’re going to walk it, like why don’t we walk from here, do it this way and schedule the tours accordingly. And so a lot of how the tours work, where they went, cutting and pasting sort of what the kids are going to say how they’re going to say it… that was my job – teaching him how to say it and telling them to gather around, make sure everyone’s there, ask if there’s any questions, all these different things that you need to know. We’ve just completed our sixth year of the tours.” 


“I’ve been working with Kevin for that long. And for those tours, we would go to the archives in Xenia. And we did a land tour, Black Ownership Lands Tour. He taught me how to look up the different contracts, land contracts. I wanted to give as proper and knowledgeable a tour as possible. We were able to find out things like the land Olive Kettering Library was built on was sold to Antioch by a black woman. Antioch bought it from her and it turns out there were pictures of it. So we went to Antiochiana and Scott Sanders gave us photos. From there we were on our way! And so I have some projects in mind that I definitely want to do with that sort of information, including more with the tours.”


MW: “Cool. Do you want to talk about any of those ideas?”


SM: “Sure. Well. So there’s The Green Book which was made famous by a movie. The Green Book for the Negro Motorist, I believe is the full title. Most people now know what it is. I’m not gonna get into that. However, many years ago my parents saw a copy, not an original, but a copy of the Green Book. Once they told me about it I became fascinated and I immediately looked up Ohio. There’s two spots in Yellow Springs. There’s like seven spots in Springfield and four in Xenia. So my goal is to look up those spots and see if I can find people who had some sort of story. And see if we can’t map it out, find pictures, and do the full nine. It’ll take a lot of research, but I’m sure at least out of the fifteen entries I could find seven legit ones to interview folks about. I’d like that to be sort of a final project, something that I really work on for a while.”


MW: “Yeah, absolutely. And it makes me wonder if you are interested in pursuing education beyond Antioch? Perhaps the project you were just talking about would be great for a PhD or a Master’s program.”


SM: “I’m thinking of a Masters and, honestly, I would like to. I know that people are doing this. I know that there is a field of study within it about people finding their family histories. I’d like to start with mine. But also do someone very different from me, like my wife’s, just to see where that could lead versus where my parents came from. My mom’s side is mostly from Kentucky but my Dad’s side is kind of all over the place. So I’m fascinated with that. Even with everything all over the place, can we find this information? Is it possible or can we at least get some leads or something that could show up now? To me, that’s the fun part. A lot of times the mystery, the fun, the investigating is phenomenal to me.” 


“There’s another story where it is believed that Frederick Douglass came to Yellow Springs because he toured and he gave a couple of speeches at a couple of colleges near here. We know he knew people over at Wilberforce. Because of that, we’re pretty sure he would have met William Gaunt. And the hypothesis is that, during that time, if he would have made it to see William Gaunt he would have stayed at William Gaunt’s house. And supposedly there’s a newspaper blurb, but not in Yellow Springs, but that Frederick Douglass was in Yellow Springs. I would like to see if I could prove that correct or inconclusive. The closest I could find so far was that he was here in Ohio.”


“The other idea is to finally lay to rest whether or not the Underground Railroad actually had any stops here. There are people who have said that  there was but there’s never been any sort of historical evidence to prove it. Now that doesn’t mean that in some way, shape or form someone didn’t come through here. But the concept that there was a steady stream through here is what people think of when you think of a stop on the Underground Railroad. I even saw that someone said it was the final stop on the Underground Railroad. It’s like yeah, I think you’re talking about the Conway Colony, which is its own story.” 


“We took a trip down there, actually, to the Conway Colony. The 365 group took students and people who were interested to go out. It’s very confirmed as a stop. They have a lot mapped out but it was secret. So that’s a very, very difficult thing versus the other two, which aren’t secret. But the ones people haven’t been keeping up with, it’s gonna take a lot of energy to really drum up all of this information again. But I’d like to. I’d love to see where that takes us but maybe I’ll just keep it to Greene County and do the Xenia stuff. But Springfield has a bunch. So I’m kind of really fascinated about Springfield.”


MW: “So there’s that deep genealogy and DNA and family history type of projects…”


SM: “Well, that’s what I would use. That’s how I would use whatever degree I’m able to get from here. That’s what I would use it for, is to get into that and help others. There are people who are paying for that.”


MW: “Sure. That’s big business these days.”


SM: “Right. In fact, what’s that famous website? They usually hire people or commission people each year in that area. So that’s what I mean, it’s becoming a thing. And especially with DNA, that helps a lot because it’s we now know which people came through where. I’d love to find that out – why that even works and what’s the science behind it? It’s pretty fascinating to me that we’ve come that far. But yeah, I’d love to find that out. But not here. Not yet. But future wise, that to me is like, what I’d love to actually find out and really dig into.”


MW:  “Those are all such great, interweaving projects. Pursuing any one of them will inform the others, it seems. So how long are you thinking of being enrolled at Antioch?”


SM: “Two years at the most. I understand how schools work and that they need two years out of me and I’m willing to put that in. Plus, that’s more time working with Kevin, and more time utilizing Kettering Library. Plus being back on a college server where you can actually get a lot more academic papers than you ever could in a regular library. So there’s just a lot of things that I’m looking forward to.”


MW: “Steve, you’re such a treasure trove of stories, information, research. I’m curious, what are some of your favorite research methods?”


SM: “We’re blessed to live in the time that we do because a lot of people post their academic work online which is really helpful. There’s something called Watch Night Service in the Black Community. It’s New Year’s Eve. You pray-in the day. You pray-in the new year and my family did this growing up. They say that the origins of that is 1863, New Year’s Eve of 1863. And slaves, having heard that that’s going to be the day that they, technically, will be free, that they’re considered free from law. And so the Watch Night Service was praying in this new life. And that’s really fascinating. But research on it is pretty difficult. That would be a great example of something where someone else would have had to put in some more legwork, something like a subreddit where people are putting in a bunch of information because that’s a great way to start learning. Or start hearing other ideas. But, with our powers combined, we can come up with some sort of academic way of proving or disproving whatever.”


MW: “So crowdsourcing research and information?”


SM: “Right. Well, just finding other people who are interested in and willing to put in just as much time. People are solving murders now this way, unsolved cases. If we had that many detectives we probably would have way less unsolved crimes. It’s the same way with history.”


MW: “When you’re getting your information, is it from talking to people? Is it from Reddit? Is it some other place?” 


SM: “So of course, right, Wikipedia is a great place to start. But from there, there should be more questions. But they usually have references that they link too as well. So I really like Wikipedia because of those references. Now, a lot of times those references will get lost, but at least I can get started on that new search. Wikipedia is a great source if it’s referenced really well. So it depends on what you’re looking for and how obscure what you’re looking for is. Something like where Frederick Douglass may have visited is a really difficult, off the wall thing. But if I can at least find that newspaper article that people say reference this. If I could find that well then bam, that would be a great start.”

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Antioch College is a community dedicated to the search for truth, the development of individual potential, and the pursuit of social justice. In order to fulfill our objectives, freedom must be matched by responsibility.

As a member of the Antioch College Community, I affirm that I will be honest and respectful in all my relationships, and I will advance these standards of behavior in others.

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